Check out the Google home page today. The Doodle celeberates the 110th Birthday of Dennis Gabor. He is a Hungarian-born electrical engineer who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1971 for his invention of holography, a system of lensless, three-dimensional photography that has many applications.
In 1947 he conceived the idea of holography and, by employing conventional filtered-light sources, developed the basic technique. Because conventional light sources generally provided either too little light or light that was too diffuse, holography did not become commercially feasible until the demonstration, in 1960, of the laser, which amplifies the intensity of light waves.
His other work included research on high-speed oscilloscopes, communication theory, physical optics, and television. Gabor was awarded more than 100 patents. You will also be interested to read this Acceptance Speech, which he delivered while recieving the Nobel Prize in Physics (1971).
Courtesy: Dennis Gabor’s Profile