With the advent of the World Wide Web, a lot of industries have seen inevitable growth, but it also unveiled the downsides of the connected ecosystem. Some of these include the spam messages that started filling up the email accounts and the malware attacks that posed threats to many businesses. Unauthorized access of hackers to sensitive information is always on the top of the security threat’s list.
What Are Computer Hackers?
Computer hackers are people who follow illegal practices to gain access to internet-connected devices such as laptops, desktops, tablets, smartphones, IoT, and more. The intent behind gaining unauthorized access is to steal, delete, or modify original information.
Malicious users do this by installing malware which the device user might not even detect. Before you get to know about the malware software, the hackers get access to the sensitive information and fetch it away.
What Is Malware?
Malware is malicious software designed to damage information or cause other problems to the computer. Examples of malware include spyware, Trojans, worms, ransomware, viruses, and adware. The malware runs secretly on a computer system and reports back to a user operating remotely.
How to Prevent Hacking Attempts?
Clear Browsing history
When you visit a website, your browser stores information such as its location, downloads details, files used to run an application, etc. That’s why you need to clear the browsing history that includes a history of web pages, recent searches, icons, websites that asked for notification.
Users often ask how to clear cookies on imac or Windows computers; the process is quite simple, though. In the Safari browser, click History, select Clear History, and finally click the pop-up menu. You can select how far you want to clear the browsing history.
In Chrome, click the three-dotted icon available on the far-right side of the screen. Select History, then click History and tap on Clear browsing data. In the drop-down menu that appears, select the items that you want to delete.
Clearing the browsing history on laptops, desktops, tablets, and mobile phones will give the hackers a little access to your browsing data in case they break into the device.
Use a Firewall
macOS and Windows computers have firewall protection. A firewall is a program designed to draw a safety guard between the information stored on the computer and the outer world. On detecting any intrusion attempts, the firewalls alert you and prevent your system from any kind of unauthorized access.
So every time you start to browse the web, make sure that the firewall is enabled. You can also purchase hardware firewalls that have integrated firewall protection for networks.
Install Antivirus Software
Antivirus applications are essential to keep security threats at bay and protect data and computers from turning inaccessible. It is software that is used to detect, prevent, scan, and delete malicious software or viruses from the computer. So, one of the most prevalent ways to safeguard information is installing antivirus applications from a trusted source.
Due to a lot of activities conducted online, new threats are emerging every single day. Antivirus applications play a key role in protecting your system against threats by detecting and nosediving real-time hacking attempts.
Once you download an antivirus application, make sure to run it regularly to ensure complete security. Run or schedule regular scans to clean your computer and other digital devices automatically in a few days’ duration.
Use Complex Passwords
One of the most effective ways to prevent hacking attempts even before they appear is using complex passwords for both online and offline accounts. The more difficult your passwords are, the harder it is for hackers to break into your system.
While setting up passwords for your accounts, keep them at least eight characters long. Use a combination of an uppercase letter, lowercase letter, numeric, and special characters. It will be harder for hackers to detect complex passwords; however, simple and shorter passwords are easier to figure out. Best Practices here
Do not use passwords that are related to your username and are easily recognizable. If you have too many accounts, you can use a password manager application for managing the details securely in one place.
Update Operating System & Software
Whatever operating system you are using – macOS or Windows, you must be receiving regular updates. The updates incorporate security patches and bug fixes that keep your system safe from security threats.
Similar to the operating system, you must be receiving updates for all the applications installed on your computer. You must always install these updates whenever they are available to prevent malicious users from accessing and exploiting any sensitive information.
If you are using a Mac, regularly visit the Software Update section to Check if any updates are available. In Windows, you should check the Updates section from the Software Center in Microsoft System Center.